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ISO standards
What is ISO?
The International Organization for Standardization (French: Organisation internationale de normalisation, Russian: Международная организация по стандартизации, tr. Mezhdunarodnaya organizaciya po standartizacii), widely known as ISO, is an international-standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promulgates worldwide proprietary industrial and commercial standards. It has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland While ISO defines itself as a non-governmental organization, its ability to set standards that often become law, either through treaties or national standards, makes it more powerful than most non-governmental organizations
Why standards matter?
Standards make an enormous and positive contribution to most aspects of our lives.
Standards ensure desirable characteristics of products and services such as quality, environmental friendliness, safety, reliability, efficiency and interchangeability - and at an economical cost.

When products and services meet our expectations, we tend to take this for granted and be unaware of the role of standards. However, when standards are absent, we soon notice. We soon care when products turn out to be of poor quality, do not fit, are incompatible with equipment that we already have, are unreliable or dangerous.

When products, systems, machinery and devices work well and safely, it is often because they meet standards. And the organization responsible for many thousands of the standards which benefit the world is ISO.
What standards do?
make the development, manufacturing and supply of products and services more efficient, safer and cleaner

facilitate trade between countries and make it fairer

provide governments with a technical base for health, safety and environmental legislation, and conformity assessment

share technological advances and good management practice

disseminate innovation

safeguard consumers, and users in general, of products and services

make life simpler by providing solutions to common problems
Here are some of the most popular ISO standards applied for:

ISO 9000
This is a very popular ISO series, ranging from ISO 9001 to ISO 9999. ISO 9000 is the quality management system used by companies that engage in production. ISO standards in these series include:

ISO 14000
This series is the system used to implement standards in environmental management, specifically in a production environment. A few standards in these series include:

ISO 14001 ' standard for general environmental management
ISO 14064 ' standard used for handling greenhouse gases
ISO 14230 ' implemented for diagnostic systems used for road vehicles
ISO 14698-1 ' used for bio-contamination control

ISO 10000
This series is used to establish ISO standards and guidelines for project management quality. The series includes:

ISO 10012 ' used to implement standards in the production of measuring equipment and for measurement processes

ISO/IEC 10077 ' sets the standards for the calculation of heat transmittance in products such as shutters, windows and doors

ISO 10211 ' establishes the necessary guidelines for making detailed calculations of surface temperature for the construction of buildings

ISO 10628 ' sets the standards for the creation of flow diagrams used in process plants

ISO 20000
The ISO 20000 series sets the standards for guidelines used in establishing an IT service management system. It covers standards for the following:

ISO 20022 ' covers standards used for companies offering financial services
ISO 22000 ' establishes guidelines used by certifying bodies that audit other companies' management systems in food safety
ISO/IEC TR 20943 ' used for setting standards for procedures used to achieve consistency in registry content of metadata